Photo by Robert Oosterbroek

Shortly after Utrecht was granted a city charter in 1122, a start was made on building the city’s fortifications. The defences were adapted several times over the years to make them more effective, until the advent of aviation finally rendered city walls superfluous. The Centraal Museum has a collection of 3D reconstructions, animations, drawings and paintings by Herman Saftleven, Joost Cornelisz. Droochsloot and Salomon van Ruysdael, and mediaeval miniatures, archaeological objects and weapons, which highlight every facet of the Utrecht fortifications until they became redundant around 1830. From the construction, the manning and the siege, to the role of civilians in keeping the people of Utrecht safe.

> until 17 January 2021, Centraal Museum